Era III - WWII - 1967

Occupational Therapists addressed orthopaedic, neurological, and psychiatric conditions with returning soldiers. Occupational Therapists also provided the opportunity for meaningful occupations for the Canadian and British POWs. The military saw how productive the wounded soldiers were after working with an Occupational Therapist and changed their policies to allow OTs on the front lines. On Nov. 6, 1943, the department of defense announced OTs could enlist in the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps (RCAMC) in the Nursing Corps.

In 1959, under the direction of Muriel Driver, the first "Special Courses" in OT were developed into an 18 month program at Queen's University.

Between 1950 and 1970, 20 OT programs were initiated and the length of the university programs increased to 4 years.